Colors are used to influence your mood.
Although color theory principles first appeared in the writings of Leone Battista Alberti (c. 1435) and the notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci (c. 1490), a tradition of "color theory" began in the 18th century, initially within a partisan controversy over Isaac Newton's theory of color.
Color has long been used to create feelings of coziness or spaciousness. However, the influence may differ from person to person.
There is evidence that color preference may depend on ambient temperature. People who are cold prefer warm colors while people who are hot elect cool colors.
Some studies have shown that women prefer "warm" and men prefer "cool" colors. Some other researches have shown that culture has a strong effect on color preference.
Let’s have a look on some color categories:
Primary colors – are the 3 main pigment colors that all other colors are derived from these 3 hues.
Secondary Colors – These are the colors formed by mixing the primary colors.
Tertiary Colors – These are resulted of mixture of a primary and a secondary color. That’s why the hue is a two-word name.
yellow-orange, red-orange, red-purple, blue-purple, blue-green and yellow-green
Warm colors — such as red, yellow, and orange; evoke warmth as they bring sun and fire to our mind.
Cool colors — such as blue, green, and purple; evoke a cool feeling because they remind us water, sky or plants.
The difference between 'warm' and 'cool' colors has been important since at least the late 18th century.
Before taking any decision about your walls color think about the mood you want to create and whether you want it to feel light and airy or cozy and intimate. Knowing the difference between warm and cold colors is the first step.
An important recommendation about cold and warm colors is that, no room should have just one. If you want your room to be cozy, use warm colors as the dominant color and add a few shades of cold colors (and vice versa). In interior design it's important to have some balance and contrast. In offices cold colors on walls along with warm as an accent wall looks awesome, and make the space formal.
Complementary colors — are two colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel. They are pairs of colors which, when are combined or mixed, can make each other more seen and appear more eye-catching. When applied next to each other, they create the strongest contrast. A pair of complementary colors is made up of one cool color and one warm color. Complementary colors are also called "opposite colors."
Yellow and purple
Red and green
Blue and orange
Color harmony — produce a pleasing affect when they are combined or use beside each other. However, color harmony is a complex concept because people's responses to color are both affective and cognitive, involving emotional response and judgment. Hence, our responses to color harmony is influenced by a range of different factors. These factors include individual differences (such as age, gender, personal preference, affective state, etc.) as well as cultural and socially-based differences which gives learned responses about color.
Some examples of harmonious color combinations are:
Different shades of blue
Different shades of green
Red and crimson and orange